Friday, December 24, 2010

From Copenhagen to Cancun


The December 11 closure of the 16th Conference of the Parties--the COP16 global climate summit--in Cancun in Mexico was portrayed by most participants and mainstream journalists as a victory, a "step forward." U.S. State Department lead negotiator Todd Stern expressed his opinion; "Ideas that were first of all skeletal last year, and not approved, are now approved and elaborated."

Yes.....the Cancun agreements were 'approved' to great celebration from the international community.

The positive reaction is based on reaching an international consensus (though Bolivia dissented) and establishing instruments to manage the climate crisis. Cancun’s defenders argue that the last-hours agreements include acknowledgements that emissions cuts must keep world temperature increases below 2°C, with consideration to be given to lowering the target to 1.5°C.

Negotiators also endorsed greater transparency about emissions, a Green Climate Fund led by the World Bank, introduction of forest-related investments, transfers of technology for renewable energy, capacity building and a strategy for reaching legally binding protocols in future. According to UN climate official Christiana Figueres, formerly a leading carbon trader, "Cancun has done its job. Nations have shown they can work together under a common roof, to reach consensus on a common cause."

Bolivian opposition

Bolivia's President Evo Morales complained, "It's easy for people in an air-conditioned room to continue with the policies of destruction of Mother Earth. We need instead to put ourselves in the shoes of families in Bolivia and worldwide who lack water and food, and suffer misery and hunger. People here in Cancún have no idea what it is like to be a victim of climate change."
For Bolivia's UN ambassador Pablo Solon, Cancun "does not represent a step forward, it is a step backwards," because the nonbinding commitments made to reduce emissions by around 15 percent by 2020 simply cannot stabilize temperature at the "level which is sustainable for human life and the life of the planet."

Even greater anger was expressed by civil society activists, including by Meena Raman of the Malaysia-based Third World Network: "The mitigation paradigm has changed from one which is legally binding--the Kyoto Protocol, with an aggregate target which is system-based, science-based--to one which is voluntary, a pledge-and-review system."

But look soberly at what was needed to reverse current warming and what was actually delivered. Negotiators in Cancun’s luxury Moon Palace hotel complex failed by any reasonable measure.

More protests

As El Salvadoran Friends of the Earth leader Ricardo Navarro lamented, "What is being discussed at the Moon does not reflect what happens on Earth”

Most specialists agree that even if the un-ambitious Copenhagen and Cancun promises are kept, the result will be a cataclysmic 4-5°C rise in world temperature over this century, and if they are not, 7°C is likely. Even with a rise of 2°C, scientists generally agree that small islands will sink, Andean and Himalayan glaciers will melt, coastal areas--such as much of Bangladesh and many port cities--will drown, and Africa will dry out, or in some places flood, so much that nine of 10 peasants will not survive.

The politicians and officials have been warned of this often enough by climate scientists, but are beholden to powerful business interests that have lined up to either promote climate denialism, or to generate national-versus-national negotiating blocs destined to fail in their race to gain most emission rights. As a result, in spite of a band-aid set of agreements, the distance between negotiators and the masses of people and the planet grew larger, not smaller, over the last two weeks.

An illusory deal

A report by the Climate Vulnerable Forum, in December 2010 noted that already 350,000 people die from natural disasters related to climate change and that this figure is likely to rise to one million people every year if we don't radically change course. Bolivia was not an obstacle to progress, it was rather the only nation daring enough to tell the truth. Rather than less Bolivias, we need more willing to stand up and say that the agreement was 'naked' and unacceptable. Perhaps if more nations – especially major emerging economies like India and Brazil - had said they would not accept an illusory deal, it could have shocked the world into moving beyond cautious approaches and acting radically for humanity and the planet.

By contrast, the Cancun agreement effectively kills off the Kyoto Protocol and replaces it with a pledge system of voluntary commitments. Not only does this lead to countries only offering what they plan to do anyway, ignoring what science demands; there is absolutely no possibility of legal penalties if a country fails to fulfil its commitments. It is an ineffective and highly dangerous way of tackling one of the biggest crises humanity has faced.

..And finally what Cancun text says

Document effectively kills of the only binding agreement, Kyoto Protocol, in favour of a completely inadequate bottom-up voluntary approach.

Increases loopholes and flexibilities that allow developed countries to avoid action, via an expansion of offsets and continued existence of ‘surplus allowances’ of carbon after 2012 by countries like Ukraine and Russia which effectively cancel out any other reductions.

Finance Commitments weakened: commitment to “provide new and additional financial resources” to developing countries have been diluted to talking more vaguely about “mobilising [resources] jointly”, with expectation that this will mainly be provided by carbon markets.

No discussion of Intellectual Property rights, repeatedly raised by many countries, as current rules obstruct transfer of key climate-related technologies to developing countries.

Constant assumption in favour of market mechanisms to resolve climate change even though this perspective is not shared by a number of countries, particularly in Latin America.
Green light given for the controversial REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) programme which often ends up perversely rewarding those responsible for deforestation, while dispossessing indigenous and forest dwellers of their land.

Systematic exclusion of proposals that came from the historic World Peoples' Conference on Climate Change including proposals for a Climate Justice Tribunal, full recognition of indigenous rights, and rights for nature.

Bolivia's indefatigable negotiator, Pablo Solon, put it most cogently in the concluding plenary, when he said that the only way to assess whether the agreement had any 'clothes' was to see if it included firm commitments to reduce emissions and whether it was enough to prevent catastrophic climate change.

15 comments:

Anonymous said...

Nice site, nice and easy on the eyes and great content too.

Anonymous said...

I design it was wealthy to be some ennuyant out of date despatch, but I’m satisfied I visited. I thinks fitting post a tie-up to this milieu on my blog. I find credible my visitors disposition find that decidedly useful.

Anonymous said...

I think one of your advertisements caused my internet browser to resize, you might want to put that on your blacklist.

Jordans Nike said...

Scott Waring described the stone cheap nike jordan shoes anomaly as a “Face on Mars.” NASA had pointed Cheap Nike jordan shoes out the apparent head statue along with other stone anomalies with cheap jordan different color arrows. This helped bring it to Waring’s attention, wholesale jordan shoes for sale who cheap jordans claims that the head was likely part of a larger cheap jordans statue that discount nike jordans was broken apart during some air jordan shoes past cataclysmic event. The clarity of the head and face is wholesale jordan shoes stunning. This makes it difficult to dismiss Waring’s conclusion Cheap jordans that the wholesale jordan shoes photo is powerful evidence of a jordan shoes for cheap past cheap jordan shoes civilization on Mars.

co wendy said...

wholesale jordan shoes, cheap christian louboutin, Bags Louis Vuitton, ugg, Cheap Louis Vuitton Handbags, discount nike jordans, christian louboutin, Christian Louboutin Daffodile, uggs outlet, Christian Louboutin Bois Dore, christian louboutin shoes, cheap nike jordan shoes, Discount LV Handbags, uggs on sale, Cheap LV Handbags, ugg soldes, ugg boots, ugg pas cher, ugg australia, christian louboutin remise 50%, cheap jordans , Discount Louis Vuitton, discount christian louboutin, Air Jordan 11 Gamma Blue

Weiming Zhu said...

baltimore ravens jerseys
denver broncos jerseys
chicago bulls jersey
cleveland cavaliers jersey
golden state warriors jerseys
los angeles lakers jerseys
oklahoma city thunder jerseys
san antonio spurs jerseys
new york knicks jersey
miami heat jersey
boston celtics jersey
los angeles clippers jerseys
koby bryant shoes
lebron james shoes
chanel handbags
tory burch outlet
coach outlet
coach outlet canada
oakley sunglasses canada
michael kors uk
michael kors uk
michael kors uk
cheap soccer jerseys
cheap football shirts
futbol baratas
real madrid jersey
barcelona jersey
chelsea jersey
manchester united jersey
custom mlb jerseys
nike huarache
nike air max uk
nike free uk
nike trainers
ralph lauren uk
ugg uk
christian louboutin uk
swarovski uk
rolex watches uk
mulberry uk
nike roshe

Qing Cai said...

air max 2015
adidas outlet
chanel handbags
tiffany and co
oakley sunglasses
michael kors outlet
north face jackets
lebron shoes
lululemon outlet
nike trainers
atlanta falcons jersey
juicy couture outlet
kobe 9
cleveland cavaliers jersey
chicago blackhawks jersey
true religion jeans
tory burch outlet online
five fingers shoes
coach outlet
christian louboutin
louis vuitton
puma shoes
cheap nhl jerseys
swarovski crystal
asics shoes
ray ban
tods shoes
ray ban sunglasses
beats by dre
dallas cowboys jersey
louboutin shoes
links of london
babyliss
cai2015627

ninest123 Ninest said...

ninest123 12.03
mulberry, hollister, nike free pas cher, true religion jeans, polo ralph lauren, sac burberry, vanessa bruno, coach outlet store online, north face, michael kors pas cher, converse pas cher, lululemon outlet online, nike free, ralph lauren, sac guess, true religion outlet, abercrombie and fitch, hogan outlet, sac hermes, ray ban pas cher, sac longchamp pas cher, coach factory outlet, longchamp, hollister, timberland, vans pas cher, air max, air max pas cher, michael kors uk, louboutin, air jordan, nike huaraches, nike roshe, true religion jeans, michael kors, north face, longchamp, polo lacoste, nike roshe run pas cher, new balance pas cher, air max, ray ban sunglasses, nike air max, nike tn, true religion outlet, nike air force, coach purses, michael kors outlet, nike blazer, oakley pas cher, nike trainers

ninest123 Ninest said...

air max, oakley sunglasses, louis vuitton outlet, cheap uggs, prada outlet, louis vuitton, gucci outlet, polo ralph lauren outlet, chanel handbags, tiffany and co, ugg boots clearance, burberry outlet, louboutin outlet, polo ralph lauren, rolex watches, michael kors outlet, ray ban sunglasses, michael kors outlet online sale, ray ban sunglasses, jordan shoes, replica watches, michael kors outlet, oakley sunglasses, air max, nike shoes, louboutin shoes, michael kors outlet, longchamp handbags, prada handbags, uggs, louis vuitton outlet, burberry outlet, louboutin, cheap oakley sunglasses, oakley sunglasses cheap, ray ban sunglasses, longchamp outlet, longchamp handbags, nike free, michael kors outlet, tory burch outlet, louis vuitton outlet stores, ugg outlet, christian louboutin, oakley sunglasses, uggs outlet, louis vuitton handbags, tiffany and co, michael kors outlet

ninest123 Ninest said...

soccer jerseys, celine handbags, hollister clothing store, iphone 5s cases, ipad cases, louboutin, gucci, converse, nike roshe run, iphone 6 plus cases, new balance shoes, jimmy choo outlet, abercrombie and fitch, abercrombie, vans, bottega veneta, iphone 6s plus cases, birkin bag, instyler, asics running shoes, herve leger, ghd, s6 case, ralph lauren, vans shoes, nfl jerseys, iphone cases, baseball bats, wedding dresses, reebok outlet, mac cosmetics, ray ban, valentino shoes, giuseppe zanotti, timberland boots, insanity workout, mcm handbags, north face outlet, north face jackets, chi flat iron, ferragamo shoes, air max, beats by dre, babyliss pro, lululemon outlet, soccer shoes, mont blanc, iphone 6s cases, p90x, air max, iphone 6 cases, oakley

ninest123 Ninest said...

canada goose, swarovski crystal, louis vuitton uk, moncler, toms shoes, ugg boots, juicy couture, karen millen, rolex watches, moncler, ugg pas cher, pandora charms, sac louis vuitton, louis vuitton, canada goose uk, converse shoes, pandora jewelry, moncler, moncler, sac lancel, juicy couture outlet, moncler, supra shoes, thomas sabo, moncler, barbour, doke gabbana, sac louis vuitton, ugg, canada goose jackets, coach outlet store online, canada goose, canada goose, swarovski, pandora jewelry, ugg, moncler, canada goose, links of london, canada goose, canada goose outlet, montre homme, pandora charms, hollister, barbour, moncler outlet, marc jacobs, louis vuitton, wedding dresses, ugg
ninest123 12.03

林磊 said...

2016-3-22 leilei
fitflops outlet
jordan pas cher
christian louboutin
valentino shoes
michael kors outlet
christian louboutin outlet
coach outlet online
mont blanc pens
burberry uk
bottega veneta
ralph lauren
nike air max 90
vans outlet
jimmy choo shoes
louis vuitton handbags
cheap basketball shoes
rolex replica watches
burberry outlet
coach purses on sale
canada goose sale
fitflop uk
michael kors watches
michael kors
abercrombie & fitch
true religion outlet
sac longchamp pliage
timberland boots
michael kors outlet clearance
fitflops shoes
nike huarache
michael kors outlet
canada goose uk
hollister uk
kate spade handbags
michael kors outlet online
toms outlet
burberry outlet
calvin klein outlet
toms shoes
adidas shoes

Gege Dai said...

ralph lauren uk
ugg boots clearance
canada goose uk
abercrombie and fitch
ugg outlet
cheap ugg boots
nba jerseys
ugg outlet
prada outlet online
air max 2015
abercrombie outlet
celine outlet online
uggs outlet
cartier outlet
swarovski outlet
cartier sunglasses for men
police sunglasses
tods outlet online
mbt shoes outlet
kobe 9 elite
ferragamo outlet
ugg boots on sale
nike blazer pas cher
mulberry handbags
michael kors uk outlet
rolex watches
ugg boots clearance
michael kors outlet
prada outlet
longchamp pliage
uggs outlet
coach outlet online
true religion jeans sale
nike air max 90
mac cosmetics
0808jianxiang

Unknown said...

jianbin0410
michael kors canada
cheap nba jerseys
tory burch outlet
coach outlet
nike trainers
michael kors outlet online
prada sunglasses for women
christian louboutin
nike air force 1
ray bans

shengda xu said...

christian louboutin sale
adidas sneakers
toms
timberland boots outle
adidas superstars
moncler outlet online
gucci bags
mbt
ray ban sunglasses outlet
adidas sneakers
xushengda0428

New and Renewable Energy

New and Renewable Energy
Your source for the New and Renewable Energy News and Technologies