Friday, December 14, 2007

The Climate Change Conference at Bali

The United Nations Conference on Climate Change under way since Dec. 3 on the tropical Indonesian island of Bali has oscillated between optimism and quiet reserve.

The 12-day event is a thermometer of the success or failure of a strategic anti-global warming treaty that should emerge in two years. But the forecast is confidential.

The four issues at the core of the talks are the mitigation of climate change, adaptation to the changes caused by rising temperatures, technology transfer from the rich countries to poor, and incentives to fight against deforestation.

But other problems, which are not on the main agenda, are simmering on the sidelines of the Bali meet, and many of the planet's inhabitants are suffering those problems firsthand.

There are 25 million "climate refugees" in the world who are not recognised by an international law that only protects those who are fleeing war or political, religious or ethnic persecution, according to Bodil Ceballos, parliamentarian from Sweden's Green Party.

"In denying for so long that climate change exists, the world has not wanted to see the consequences either. In Sweden there is talk that eventually we will have climate refugees from Europe's Mediterranean countries if we don't stop using fossil fuels soon," she said in an interview for this article.

The thrashing that the Sidr cyclone gave Bangladesh on Nov. 15 left more than 4,000 people dead and more than seven million homeless, many of whom are now facing a food crisis. This is a fate that could befall the inhabitants of many places, such as islands and coastal lowlands, which are the most vulnerable to rising sea levels.

The natural beauty of Bali helps reinforce the optimistic tone accompanying the new government in Australia as it finally ratified the Kyoto Protocol, leaving the United States alone in its rejection of the international treaty that requires industrialised countries to reduce emissions of greenhouse-effect gases.

The George W. Bush government was left even more isolated when a U.S. Senate committee voted in favour of a bill to establish obligatory limits on emissions of greenhouse gases.

Thousands of government delegates from more than 180 countries, as well as experts and activists, are participating in the 13th Conference of Parties (COP13) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and in the third meeting of parties to the Kyoto Protocol.

But the governmental negotiations are taking place behind closed doors with the goal of establishing an agenda for achieving in 2009 an obligatory agreement for curbing greenhouse gases beyond 2012, when the Protocol signed in the Japanese city of Kyoto in 1997 expires. It was many years before enough countries had ratified the Protocol to make it take effect, in 2005. Meanwhile, the effects of warming temperatures began to multiply. That is why it is essential that progress is made at this meeting towards a new framework to regulate emissions of carbon dioxide, the principal greenhouse gas, said Mike Shanahan, of the International Institute for Environment and Development, in a press statement in Bali.

The industrialised nations that are party to Kyoto are required to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 2012 to an average of five percent below 1990 levels. The debate under way now follows two paths: how to reach an agreement that includes the United States, which is responsible for more than 20 percent of emissions, and what kind of obligations should be taken on by the big developing countries China, India and Brazil.

Although Bali will not produce a signed treaty for the coming decades, many eyes are on the "road map" to come out of the discussions of the Ad Hoc Working Group (AWG) of the Kyoto Protocol, entrusted, among other things, with establishing a range of emissions reductions that the wealthy nations must adopt.

WWF and other environmental organisations hope the AWG will uphold an informal decision adopted earlier this year in Vienna: by 2020 the industrialised countries should reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by 25 to 40 percent below 1990 levels.

That would be the minimum threshold for attempting to prevent global average temperatures from rising two degrees Celsius more this century and unleashing natural disasters, warns the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

This was the year of the global climate. The Nobel Peace Prize went to the IPCC, whose latest reports determined beyond any doubt that human activities play a large role in the climate changes already occurring.

The "Bali road map" is the focus of work to be done at the next Conference of Parties, to meet in two years in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Yvo de Boer, executive director of the Secretariat of the Convention on Climate Change, urged the participants to act with responsibility. De Boer stressed that the world is on a "catastrophic path", and that the scientific community has sent policy-makers a clear message: climate change can be stopped, and by acting now we can prevent many of the disastrous impacts of global warming.


Wenhao Guo said...

michael kors handbags store
monster beats
coach outlet online
jordan shoes
nike free
barbour uk
cheap ray ban sunglasses
puma shoes
ugg boots
green bay packers
beats by dr dre
ferragamo shoes
michael kors handbags sale
ray ban sunglasses,ray ban sunglasses outlet,ray ban,rayban,ray bans,ray ban outlet,ray-ban,raybans,ray ban wayfarer,ray-ban sunglasses,,rayban sunglasses,cheap ray ban
soccer jerseys,cheap soccer jerseys,cheap soccer jerseys for sale,soccer jersey,usa soccer jersey,football jerseys
chicago blackhawks
designer handbags
true religion jeans
cleveland cavaliers
lebron james shoes,lebron 12,lebron 12 shoes,lebron sneakers,lebron iv,lebron 11,lebron 10
louis vuitton outlet online
san antonio spurs
michael kors online outlet
soccer jerseys,soccer jerseys wholesale,soccer jerseys cheap,soccer jerseys for sale,cheap soccer jersey,usa soccer jersey,football jerseys
nike sneakers
tommy hilfiger outlet
rolex watches,swiss watch,replica watches,rolex watches for sale,replica watches uk,rolex watches replica,rolex watches for sales
louis vuitton outlet
ralph lauren,ralph lauren uk,ralph lauren outlet,ralph lauren outlet online,polo ralph lauren outlet,ralph lauren polo
mont blanc
coach outlet online,coach purses,coach handbags,coach bags,coach handbags sale,coach handbags outlet

ninest123 Ninest said...

ninest123 12.03
mulberry, hollister, nike free pas cher, true religion jeans, polo ralph lauren, sac burberry, vanessa bruno, coach outlet store online, north face, michael kors pas cher, converse pas cher, lululemon outlet online, nike free, ralph lauren, sac guess, true religion outlet, abercrombie and fitch, hogan outlet, sac hermes, ray ban pas cher, sac longchamp pas cher, coach factory outlet, longchamp, hollister, timberland, vans pas cher, air max, air max pas cher, michael kors uk, louboutin, air jordan, nike huaraches, nike roshe, true religion jeans, michael kors, north face, longchamp, polo lacoste, nike roshe run pas cher, new balance pas cher, air max, ray ban sunglasses, nike air max, nike tn, true religion outlet, nike air force, coach purses, michael kors outlet, nike blazer, oakley pas cher, nike trainers

ninest123 Ninest said...

air max, oakley sunglasses, louis vuitton outlet, cheap uggs, prada outlet, louis vuitton, gucci outlet, polo ralph lauren outlet, chanel handbags, tiffany and co, ugg boots clearance, burberry outlet, louboutin outlet, polo ralph lauren, rolex watches, michael kors outlet, ray ban sunglasses, michael kors outlet online sale, ray ban sunglasses, jordan shoes, replica watches, michael kors outlet, oakley sunglasses, air max, nike shoes, louboutin shoes, michael kors outlet, longchamp handbags, prada handbags, uggs, louis vuitton outlet, burberry outlet, louboutin, cheap oakley sunglasses, oakley sunglasses cheap, ray ban sunglasses, longchamp outlet, longchamp handbags, nike free, michael kors outlet, tory burch outlet, louis vuitton outlet stores, ugg outlet, christian louboutin, oakley sunglasses, uggs outlet, louis vuitton handbags, tiffany and co, michael kors outlet

ninest123 Ninest said...

soccer jerseys, celine handbags, hollister clothing store, iphone 5s cases, ipad cases, louboutin, gucci, converse, nike roshe run, iphone 6 plus cases, new balance shoes, jimmy choo outlet, abercrombie and fitch, abercrombie, vans, bottega veneta, iphone 6s plus cases, birkin bag, instyler, asics running shoes, herve leger, ghd, s6 case, ralph lauren, vans shoes, nfl jerseys, iphone cases, baseball bats, wedding dresses, reebok outlet, mac cosmetics, ray ban, valentino shoes, giuseppe zanotti, timberland boots, insanity workout, mcm handbags, north face outlet, north face jackets, chi flat iron, ferragamo shoes, air max, beats by dre, babyliss pro, lululemon outlet, soccer shoes, mont blanc, iphone 6s cases, p90x, air max, iphone 6 cases, oakley

ninest123 Ninest said...

canada goose, swarovski crystal, louis vuitton uk, moncler, toms shoes, ugg boots, juicy couture, karen millen, rolex watches, moncler, ugg pas cher, pandora charms, sac louis vuitton, louis vuitton, canada goose uk, converse shoes, pandora jewelry, moncler, moncler, sac lancel, juicy couture outlet, moncler, supra shoes, thomas sabo, moncler, barbour, doke gabbana, sac louis vuitton, ugg, canada goose jackets, coach outlet store online, canada goose, canada goose, swarovski, pandora jewelry, ugg, moncler, canada goose, links of london, canada goose, canada goose outlet, montre homme, pandora charms, hollister, barbour, moncler outlet, marc jacobs, louis vuitton, wedding dresses, ugg
ninest123 12.03

方松腾 said...

ugg boots
cheap oakley sunglasses
true religion sale
air jordan 11 free shipping
toms outlet
louis vuitton outlet
michael kors outlet,michael kors outlet online,michael kors,kors outlet,michael kors handbags,michael kors outlet online sale,michael kors handbags clearance,michael kors purses,,michael kors bags,michael kors shoes,michaelkors,cheap michael kors
north face jackets
ferragamo shoes
soccer jerseys,soccer jerseys wholesale,soccer jerseys cheap,soccer jerseys for sale,cheap soccer jersey,usa soccer jersey,football jerseys
ugg boots on sale
vans sneakers
oakley sunglasses
fitflops outlet
coach outlet online,coach purses,coach handbags,coach bags,coach handbags sale,coach handbags outlet

林磊 said...

2016-3-22 leilei
michael kors outlet
nike air max 95
gucci borse
reebok outlet
burberry outlet online
polo ralph lauren
true religion jeans
converse uk
louis vuitton handbags
rolex watches
coach factory outlet online
mizuno running shoes
adidas gazelle
converse sale
nike roshe run
coach outlet
oakley sunglasses
coach factory outlet online
air max 90
longchamp outlet
polo ralph lauren outlet
omega speedmaster
cheap oakley sunglasses
michael kors outlet
toms outlet store
ghd flat iron
levis 511
polo ralph lauren outlet
canada goose jackets
hollister clothing
polo ralph lauren
white converse
ray bans
fitflops outlet
oakley store
michael kors
michael kors bags
true religion jeans
jordan shoes

New and Renewable Energy

New and Renewable Energy
Your source for the New and Renewable Energy News and Technologies